Children’s Dentistry

Children’s Dentistry

A) Fluoride application

Fluoride application in children helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. It also reverses early decay.

In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to decay the teeth. Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults.

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Fillings of Milk Teeth

It is a common tendency to ignore the decay in milk teeth thinking that they are ultimately going to get replaced by their permanent successors. However, decay in milk teeth, if unattended can cause damage to permanent successors that are forming underneath. It also can cause pain and may be the reason your child refuses to eat food. Decay spreads faster in milk teeth due to their unique internal structure, as compared to permanent teeth.

Milk teeth with cavities or dental decay can be filled with tooth-coloured materials, eliminating pain, restoring function and improving appearance.

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B) Root canal treatment of milk teeth

Milk teeth with substantial dental decay have to be treated with root canal treatment.

Sharp shooting pain with swelling in the mouth is an indication that your child needs root canal. Pulpotomy or partial root canal and pulpectomy or complete root canal are the two primary types of root canal treatments that are undertaken in paediatric patients. Unlike what parents tend to feel, kids tolerate root canal treatments with ease. The latest technology at our disposal helps us complete your child’s treatment in a speedy and efficient manner.

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C) Caps for milk teeth (Pedo crowns)

D) Caps for milk teeth are indispensable whenever root canal treatment has been performed or when the tooth has cavities on multiple surfaces, making it prone to fracture. Caps on kids’ teeth fall off just as the milk tooth would have fallen off, if it were intact, when the time is right. Kids’ caps are made up of stainless steel and fit on the teeth in a single appointment.

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E) Baby Bottle syndrome(rampant caries)

Putting the baby to sleep with the milk bottle in mouth results in severe tooth decay at a very early age. This is called baby bottle syndrome. Your natural instinct to care for your baby can sometimes backfire in an unfortunate manner. It is a very distressing situation for both the child and the parents, since it causes pain, discomfort during eating and a poor smile. Treatment of this condition is absolutely vital in order to protect the permanent teeth and to maintain the baby’s nutrition. Treating this condition involves root canal treatment in several teeth, followed by fillings and caps. Based on the co-operation level of your child, our pedodontist may choose to do the treatment under conscious sedation. However, most of the cases can be managed under simple local anaesthesia. The end result of the treatment is a child with healthy teeth, and, a happy parent!
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Milk teeth serve a very important function: that of space maintenance. Premature removal of milk teeth due to decay may cause the neighbouring teeth to tilt into the space created by extraction. This disrupts the overall harmony of the dental arches and can cause the permanent teeth to erupt in unusual locations. The end result is a malaligned, crooked set of permanent teeth which may need to be straightened with wires and braces later, which is a time consuming and expensive procedure. Space maintenance is an easy to perform procedure which involves anchoring an appliance to the neighbouring teeth so that they don’t tilt. This maintains the space for the permanent teeth.
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G) Habit breaking appliances

Does your child still put his/her thumb in the mouth? What may seem like a harmless activity can cause marked shifting in the position of teeth. Long standing indulgence in these habits can cause flaring of teeth and a prominent upper jaw, which is difficult to treat once the child grows up. Finger sucking and tongue thrusting habits that persist beyond the age of 4 years should alert you to seek a consultation with our pedodontist. In cases of habits that are hard to dissociate from, our pedodontist may recommend a habit breaking appliance to your kid which essentially serves as a reminder to the kid to abstain from the habit.
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